Pediatric dentistry is one of the fastest-growing disciplines in daily clinical practice,whereas contemporary pedodontics involves the introduction of many new instruments,materials and techniques.Pulp therapy (pulpotomy and pulpectomy) procedure is widely used in pediatric dentistry to treat the pediatric patient since many years, while attempting to prevent the vitality of the tooth or to prevent premature exfoliation of the primary teeth.First decision regarding the primary tooth should be either to preserve it or extract it.Main reason for pulp therapy in primary teeth is to maintain teeth in the oral cavity for their functions such as esthetic,phonetics and mastication.
Root canal treatment is indicated when the pulp has become non-vital or irreversibly infected.Total elimination of microorganisms from the canal is the main goal of pulpectomy.Successful pulpectomy depends not only on specific factors such as root canal infection,complexity of root canal morphology, etc.,but is also very much depend on dentist's skill and attitudes toward the pulpectomy procedure.To achieve proper canal preparation cleansing by mechanical instrumentation and irrigation of the canals are required.Hence,in order to increase the chance of success of the endodontic treatment in primary teeth,substances with antimicrobial properties are often used as root canal filling materials in primary teeth.
The Pulp is a soft mesenchymal connective tissue that occupies pulp cavity in the central part of the teeth.
The entire space occupied by pulp, composed of the pulp chamber and root canal
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