FRACTURED AND BROKEN TEETH
Even though teeth are very strong, they can break, fracture, or chip. This usually occurs from; getting hit in your mouth, falling down, eating something hard that chips or breaks your tooth, and weakening of your teeth due to cavities. A tooth does not necessarily have to hurt when it breaks, and may even go unnoticed for awhile. This usually depends upon the size of the break and its location on the tooth. If the underlying tooth surface, the dentine, or the pulp is injured, and the tooth is exposed to saliva, air, chewing pressure, and cold and hot beverages and foods, pain can occur. This pain can be intermittent or constant.
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
CRACKED OR FRACTURED TEETH
If your tooth breaks or cracks at home, you must visit us to repair it. It cannot be fixed at home. There are times when a tooth hurts intermittently, and other times when they hurt constantly. Constant tooth pain, may be the result of a damaged nerve or blood vessels, and requires immediate attention.
If your tooth is broken, you should visit us immediately so they can determine if your tooth broke due to a cavity, and whether nerve damage may or does exist. If this nerve damage occurs in adults a root canal is usually required. Contrarily, if this occurs in a child and is treated immediately, the problem has a greater chance of correcting itself. If your tooth breaks, you should:
1) Save the pieces and bring them with you to us;
2) use warm water to rinse your mouth and rinse the pieces if you can find them;
3) Place gauze and pressure on the area if it is bleeding to control the bleeding;
4) Place cold in the area of the broken tooth to minimize swelling and pain;
5) Use a temporary over-the-counter filling material or dental cement; and
6) Use a mild pain medication (like ibuprofen or Tylenol) to help ease any pain you may have.
What Can we Do?
Numerous varieties of broken teeth require a variety of differing therapies. Included in these are:
If you have chipped off just a small piece of tooth enamel, we may repair the damage with a filling. If the repair is to a front tooth or can be seen when you smile, we will likely use a procedure called bonding, which uses a tooth-colored composite resin.
Bonding is a simple procedure that typically does not require numbing the tooth. To bond a tooth, we first etches its surface with a liquid or gel to roughen it and make the bonding material adhere to it. Next, we applies an adhesive material to the tooth, followed by the bonding material. After shaping the bonding material to look like a natural tooth, we uses an ultraviolet light to harden the material.
Composite resins are tooth-colored materials that can actually be applied to the remaining surfaces of teeth to replace lost tooth structure in such a way as to actually make them one, blending and exactly matching the physical characteristics and color of natural teeth, and actually strengthening them in the process. Most importantly, modern composites physically adhere by actually bonding to the two elements that teeth are composed of, dentin and enamel. Major advances have resulted from the study and understanding of how the crowns of teeth actually flex or give under biting force and how restorative materials can be used to the greatest effect in the way they interact
Composite resins have been advocated for decades as a means to conservatively restore minor, moderate, and even large defects in teeth caused by decay or trauma. Their indication is predicated on the need to preserve as much healthy tooth structure as possible while using these synthetic composite resin materials to completely replace and augment lost tooth structure by adhesive dentistry.
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