What is Dental Extraction?
A dental extraction is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone, it is also referred as Tooth Extraction. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma; especially when they are associated with toothache. Tooth extraction is usually relatively straightforward, and the vast majority can be usually performed quickly while the individual is awake by using local anesthetic injections to eliminate painful sensations.
Extraction Of Teeth
Do you know the Extraction process ?
- Anesthetic injections is given first
- Makes an incision in the gum tissue to expose the tooth and bone
- Removes bone that blocks access to the tooth root
- Divides the tooth into sections if it’s easier to remove in pieces
- Removes the tooth
- Cleans the site of the removed tooth of any debris from the tooth or bone
- Stitches the wound closed to promote healing, though this isn’t always necessary
- Immediately after the tooth is removed, a bite pack is used to apply pressure to the tooth socket and stop the bleeding.
- Places gauze over the extraction site to control bleeding and to help a blood clot form
Prevention yourself after the Extraction
Follow my instructions on:
- Blood may occur the first day after wisdom tooth removal. Try to avoid excessive spitting
- Pain management. Prescription pain medication may be especially helpful if bone has been removed during the procedure. Holding a cold pack against your jaw also may relieve pain. Avoiding touching the area with a finger or the tongue
- Swelling and bruising.Use an ice pack. Any swelling of your cheeks usually improves in two or three days. Bruising may take several more days to resolve.
- Drink lots of water after the surgery. Don’t drink alcoholic, caffeinated, carbonated or hot beverages in the first 24 hours.
- Eat only soft foods, for the first 24 hours. Avoid hard, chewy, hot or spicy foods that might get stuck in the socket or irritate the wound.
- Cleaning your mouth.Don’t brush your teeth, rinse your mouth, spit or use mouthwash during the first 24 hours after surgery. Be gentle near the surgical wound when brushing and gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water every two hours and after meals for a week.
- Tobacco use. Using tobacco products after surgery can delay healing and increase the risk of complications.
When to call me?
Call me if you experience any of the following signs or symptoms, which could indicate an infection, nerve damage or other serious problems:
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing
- Excessive bleeding
- Severe pain not relieved by prescribed pain medications
- Swelling that worsens after two or three days
- A bad taste in your mouth not removed with salt water rinsing
- Pus in or oozing from the socket
- Persistent numbness or loss of feeling
- Blood or pus in nasal discharge
What can I do to prevent my teeth from cracking?
While cracked teeth are not completely preventable, you can take some steps to make your teeth less susceptible to cracks.
- Don’t chew on hard objects such as ice, unpopped popcorn kernels or pens.
- Don’t clench or grind your teeth.
- If you clench or grind your teeth while you sleep, talk to your dentist about getting a retainer or other mouthguard to protect your teeth.
- Wear a mouthguard or protective mask when playing contact sports.
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